Medical Vocabulary

English – Amharic
abdomen – hode
abrasion – yetelate ķoda
abscess – ebach
abuse (n) – mangelatat
ache – himem
acidity – asidama, yemekomatet bahari yalo
acne – yekoda beshita
adolescence – yegurimsina/yekoredanet gizay, yewetatinet gizay
AIDS – AIDS
amoeba – ameba
amoebic dysentery – bameba yemimeta yetekmat beshita
anesthesia – madenzeja
antitoxin – merz markesha
anxiety – sigat, chinket
aphonia – menager alemechal/makom
apnea – istenfas alba
arm – kind
armpit – bibiţ
arthralgia – kurtimat, yemegatatemia himem
asphyxia – yemetafen huneta
asthma – asm
aunt – akist
auscultation – wistawi sewinetin bamadamecha madamet
back – jerba
backache – yejerba himem
bed sore – kalga lai kalemenesat bizat yemimeta ķusel
bed wetting – lelit algalai meshnat
bedbug – tuhan
bedpan – popo
bedside – alga ategeb
beer – birra, ţala, ţej
beggar – yenebitay, lemagn
belch – gisat
belly – hode
big – tiliķ
bile – hamot
birth – meweled
birth control – yewelid mekotateria
blanch – megertat
blindness – ein siwirinet
blood – dem
blood cell – yedem cell
blood type – yedem ainet
blood vessel – yedem sirr
blurred vision – yedebezeze eyita
body – sewinet
boil – bigunj
brain – angol/chinkilat
breast – tut
breast milk – yetut wetet
breastfeeding – tut matbat
breathe – metenfes
broken bone – atint sibirat
bronchitis – bronchitis
brother – wendim
bruise – dem mekwater
burn – makatel
cadaver – resa
cancer – nekersa
cardiac – yelib
cardiac arrest – yelib mit mekwaret
cardiograph – yelib mit melekat
cardiology – yelib ţinat
care – ţinikake
cast – jesso
catch a cold – gunfan meyaz
chemical – chemical
chest – deret
child – lij
childbirth – lij mewled
chills – bird
circulation – yedem mezewawer
circulatory – yedem ziwiwir
cleft lip – ye kenfer mesenteķ
clinic – clinic
clubfooted – egre ķolmama
cold (illness) – goonfan
cold (temperature) – ķezķaza
constipation – yehod dirket
contagious disease – telalafee beshita
contraception – ergizina mekelakel
contraceptive – yergizina mekelakea
cough – sal
cousin: yagote/yakiste lij
cry – malkes
dandruff – forofor
daughter – set lij
day – ķen
dead – mot
deaf-mute – dinkurina duda
deafness – mesmat alemechal, dinķurina
decrease – meķenes
deficiency – etreţ
dehydrate – fasaj manes, medrek
dehydration – dirket
dental caries – yetirs mebesbes
depression – kifu ķen, dibirt
dermatologist – yekoda beshita hakim
diabetes – sikwar beshita
diarrhea – tekmat
difficult – aschegari
digestion – yemegib mefechet
disease – beshita
disinfect – infection masweged
distention – meweţer, mabet
dizziness – ras mazzorr
double vision – hulet meslo metayet
drain (v) – fasaj mawred
drug – medanit
drugstore – medanit bet
dysarthria – bedenb asakto yemenager chigger
dysentery – yetekmat/yeanjet beshita
dyspepsia – ķar, yemegib alemefechet chigger
dysphonia – yedimtş megornen ena medkem
dyspnea – tinfash mater
dysuria – shint meshinat siyaschegir
ear – joro
earache – yejoro himem
eat – meblat
ecchymosis – dem mekwater
edema – ebţet
EKG – EKG
emergency – asschekwai, atadafi
emphysema – metenfes yemiawik yesamba beshita
epilepsy – yemitil beshita
erythema – yekoda meklat
Ethiopia (n) – Itiyopia
Ethiopian (adj) – habesha
Ethiopian (n) – Ityopiawi
examination – mirmera
excoriation – yekoda melat
exhaustion – dikam
expectant mother – nefseţur
eye – ein
eye socket – ye’ein gudguad
eyebrow – ķindib
eyelid – shifashift
eyesight – mayet
face – feet
faint – faint
family – beteseb
father – abat
fever – tikusat
fiance – echonya
finger – ţat
first aid – yemegemeria irdata
food – megib
foot – igir
foster child – yemadego lij
fracture – sibrat
friend – gwadenya
fruit – atkilt
fungus – fungus
gene – zer
genitals – hafrete siga
geriatrics – leazawintoch yemidereg yehikimina enkibikabay
godchild – yekiristinna lij
grandchildren – yelij lijouch
grandfather – wend ayat
grandmother – set ayat
hair – tşagur
halitosis – metfo yeaf shita
hallucinogen – ķijet yemiametu itsoch
hand – ij
head – chinkilat, ras
headache – ras metat
hearing – mesmat
heart – lib
heart attack – yelib dikam
heart failure – lib seraun bedinget siakom
heartbeat – yelib mit
heel – tereķez
hematoma – dem mekwater
hemoptysis – dem metfat, kehakita yetekelakele dem
hiccups – sikita
hip – taffa
hoarseness – yedimtş megornen
husband – baal
hygiene – yenitşehina atebabek
hypertension – kefitegnya yedem gifeet
hypotension – dem manes, zikitegnya yedem gifeet
hypothermia – yesounet muket betam meķenes
ice – beredo
icterus – yeayn ena yekoda bicha mehon
immunize – beshita mekwakwamia kitibat
incontinent – shint ena segerra mekotater alemechal
increase – mechemer
infant – hitşan
influenza – kebad goonfan, influenza
injection needle – merfay
insecticide – yetabai matfia
insomnia – yenkilf itot
internist – yewust akal hakim
intestinal – ye anjet
intestine – anjet
iron – iron
itching – masakek
jaundice – yekoda/yeayn bicha mehon, yewof beshita
joint pain – yemegeţatemia himem
knee – gulbet
labor pains – mit
laxative – dirket yemikenis medanit
lip – kenfer
malaria – weba
malarial – yeweba
malnourished – yemegib itret yalebet
malnutrition – yemegib itret
man – wend
mastectomy – baķado ţegana tooten masoged
measles – kufiyn
medication – medanit
menopause – yewer ababa mekom
menstruation – yewer ababa
microscope – yemagwia menetşer
mosquito – yeweba tinign
mother – enat
mouth – aff
mucus – hakita
myalgia – yetuncha himem
myopia – ķirb eyeta
nasal bleeding – nesir
nasal congestion – yafincha metektek
nausea – matwelwel, makleshlesh
near – ķirb
neck – anget
needle – merfay
nerve – nerve
nervous – firacha, dinigatay
nightmare – ķejet
nose – afincha
nosebleed – nesir
numbness – medenzez
nurse – nurse
nursery – menkebakebia
obstetrics – yetşinş hikimina
onyxis – wedewist yemiadig yeigir tifir
opiate – ye’en ķilf kinin
opthalmic – ye ein
orally – be’aff
pain – himem
painkiller – yehimem mastagesha
palpate – bedabessa memirmera
pancreas – kosht
paralysis – yesewinet alemenķesaķes
parasite – ţigegna hiwasat
parent – welaj
paroxysm – dingetenya yesimet merebesh
patient – beshitegna
pediatrician – yehitşanat hakim
pediatrics – yehitşanat hikimina
perspiration – malab
petechia – anestegna ķoda lai yemiweta ķela yale milikit
pharmacy – medanit bet
physician – hakim
pimple – bigur
plastic surgery – ye plastic ķedo tigena
pregnancy – yergizina gizay
pregnant – irgooz
premenstrual – yewer ababa kemetayetu befeet
prognosis – gimit
prophylactic – beshita lemekelakel yemireda
rectal bleeding – ye finteta medmat
redness – meklat
reflex – bedinget meneķaneķ
rest (n) – ereft
rheumatism – ķurtamat
rickets – yatint meselsel beshita
rubella – ye german kufiyn
runny nose – nift mebzat
saliva – miraķ
scab – ķerfit
scabies – ikek
scar – tebasa
seizure – bedinget yemiķeset beshita
sick (adj) – himem
side-effect – medanit bemewsed yemimeta chigger
sister/older sister – ehit/tilliķ ehit
sit down (imperative) – kuch bel/bey
skin – koda
skin graft – bekedo tigana koda ke’and bota wesdo lela bota meletef
sleep (n) – enķilf
sleep (v) – metegnat
sneeze (v) – masnetes
son – lij
sore throat – yeguroro kusel
spasm – yetuncha mekomater
specialist – specialist
spermicide – sperm gedai nitreneger
spinal – ye’akerkari
spine – akerkari
spleen – tafia
splenomegaly – ţafya ebtet
sprain (v) – welem malet
stable condition – yemaylewaweţ huneta
stand up (v) – ķum/ķumi
stepbrother – yeinjera lij
stepdaughter/stepson – yeinjera lij
stepfather – yeinjera abat
stepmother – yeinjera inat
stepsister – ehit
sterile (conception) – mehan
sterile (instruments) – kegerm netşa
sterilize – kegerm netşa madreg
stethoscope – yelib mit madamecha mesaria
stiff (adj) – megeter
stomachache – yehod himem
sunstroke – yetşahai mich
surgeon – yeķedo tigena hakim
sweat (v) – lab
swelling – mabeţ
symptom – yehimem miliķit
syphilis – keţign
syringe – syringe
tetanus – tetanos, mengaga ķolif
thrombosis – yedem mergat
tick (n) – dem meţach tebai
tongue – milas
tooth – ţirs
toxic – merzenya
trachea – yeayer baumbua
tracheotomy – yegurroro ķedo tigena
treatment – hikimina
ulcer – ulcer
ultrasound – ultrasound
uncle – agot
unsafe – adegegna
uterus – mahatşen
vaccination – kitibat
virus – virus
vomiting – mastaweķ
waist – wegeb
waiting room – meţebekia kifil
water – wuha
watery eyes – ye’ein wuha mazel
weakness – medkam
weight loss – kibdet meķenes
wheeze (v) – sitenefisu kurr yamil dimtş abro siweta
wife – meest
woman – set
womb – mehatşen
wound – ķusil
x-ray – raj
young – wetat
younger brother – tinish wendim